洛谷/USACO 美国血统 American Heritage

洛谷题号:P1827
做过二百遍的二叉树重构了,老套路:

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#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<string>
#include<algorithm>
#include<queue>
#include<list>
#include<cstring>
#include<cassert>
using namespace std;
char in[30],pre[30];
#define NULL 0
struct node{
    char value;
    node * left;
    node * right;
    node(){
        value = '\0';
        left = NULL;
        right = NULL;
    }
};
int find_in(int in_s, int in_e, char node){
    for (int i = in_s; i <= in_e; i++){
        if (in[i] == node)return i;
    }
    assert(0);
    return -1;
}
void BuildTree(int in_s, int in_e, int pre_s, int pre_e, node * root){
    if (in_s == in_e&&pre_s == pre_e){
        root->value = pre[pre_s];
        return;
    }
    if (in_s > in_e || pre_s > pre_e){
        return;
    }
    root->value = pre[pre_s];
    int pos_in = find_in(in_s, in_e, pre[pre_s]);
    root->left = new node;
    BuildTree(in_s, pos_in - 1, pre_s + 1, pre_s + pos_in - in_s, root->left);
    root->right = new node;
    BuildTree(pos_in + 1, in_e, pre_s + pos_in - in_s + 1, pre_e, root->right);
}
void postorder_traversal(node * ptr){
    if (ptr->left != NULL)postorder_traversal(ptr->left);
    if (ptr->right != NULL)postorder_traversal(ptr->right);
    if (ptr->value != '\0')cout << ptr->value;
}
int main(){
    ios::sync_with_stdio(false);
    cin >> in+1 >> pre+1;
    int len = 1;
    while (in[len])len++;
    len--;
    node * root = new node;
    BuildTree(1, len, 1, len, root);
    postorder_traversal(root);
    cout << endl;
}

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