洛谷 P1058 立体图

虽然写的时间很长,但是AC之后随便画图可是很好玩的哦。。。

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#include<iostream>
#include<string>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<functional>
#define ll long long
#define pii pair<int,int>
#define PINF 0x7fffffff
#define NINF 0x80000000
using namespace std;
int m, n, am, an;
int arr[55][55];
char output[500][500];
int calM(int m, int mh, int tm) { //每行挑最大的执行一次
    return (tm - m + 1) * 2 + max(1 + 3 * mh, 1 + 2 * (m - 1));
}
inline int calN(int m, int n) { //整体执行一次
    return 1 + 4 * n + 2 * m;
}
inline void printLine(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x][y + 4] = '+';
    output[x][y + 1] = output[x][y + 2] = output[x][y + 3] = '-';
}
inline void printRow(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x + 2][y - 2] = '+';
    output[x + 1][y - 1] = '/';
}
inline void printHeight(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x + 3][y] = '+';
    output[x + 1][y] = output[x + 2][y] = '|';
}
inline void printSpace(int x, int y) {
    output[x + 1][y] = output[x + 1][y + 1] = output[x + 1][y + 2] = ' ';
    output[x + 3][y - 1] = output[x + 3][y] = output[x + 3][y + 1] = ' ';
    output[x + 4][y - 1] = output[x + 4][y] = output[x + 4][y + 1] = ' ';
    output[x + 2][y + 3] = output[x + 3][y + 3] = ' ';
}
inline void printCube(int x, int y) { //左上角坐标
    printLine(x, y);
    printLine(x + 2, y - 2);
    printLine(x + 5, y - 2);
    printRow(x, y);
    printRow(x, y + 4);
    printRow(x + 3, y + 4);
    printHeight(x + 2, y - 2);
    printHeight(x + 2, y + 2);
    printHeight(x, y + 4);
    printSpace(x, y);
}
inline void printCube2(int l, int r, int h) {
    printCube(am - 3 * h - 2 * (m-l+1), 1+2 * (m - l + 1) + (r - 1) * 4);
}
inline void printAns() {
    for (int i = 1; i <= am; i++) {
        cout << output[i] + 1 << endl;
    }
    cout << endl;
}
int main() {
    cin >> m >> n;
    an = calN(m, n);
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
        int mmax = 0;
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
            cin >> arr[i][j];
            mmax = max(mmax, arr[i][j]);
        }
        am = max(am, calM(i, mmax, m));
    }
    for (int i = 1; i <= am; i++) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= an; j++) {
            output[i][j] = '.';
        }
    }
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
            for (int k = 1; k <= arr[i][j]; k++) {
                printCube2(i, j, k);
                //printAns();
            }
        }
    }
    printAns();
}

提示:把79行的注释符号去掉可以看到图形生成全过程哦;
写了个好玩的小程序,随机生成数组中的高度哦。。。
各位OIer可以随便试试。。。

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#include<iostream>
#include<string>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<functional>
#include<ctime>
#define ll long long
#define pii pair<int,int>
#define PINF 0x7fffffff
#define NINF 0x80000000
using namespace std;
int m, n, am, an;
int arr[55][55];
char output[500][500];
int calM(int m, int mh, int tm) { //每行挑最大的执行一次
    return (tm - m + 1) * 2 + max(1 + 3 * mh, 1 + 2 * (m - 1));
}
inline int calN(int m, int n) { //整体执行一次
    return 1 + 4 * n + 2 * m;
}
inline void printLine(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x][y + 4] = '+';
    output[x][y + 1] = output[x][y + 2] = output[x][y + 3] = '-';
}
inline void printRow(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x + 2][y - 2] = '+';
    output[x + 1][y - 1] = '/';
}
inline void printHeight(int x, int y) {
    output[x][y] = output[x + 3][y] = '+';
    output[x + 1][y] = output[x + 2][y] = '|';
}
inline void printSpace(int x, int y) {
    output[x + 1][y] = output[x + 1][y + 1] = output[x + 1][y + 2] = ' ';
    output[x + 3][y - 1] = output[x + 3][y] = output[x + 3][y + 1] = ' ';
    output[x + 4][y - 1] = output[x + 4][y] = output[x + 4][y + 1] = ' ';
    output[x + 2][y + 3] = output[x + 3][y + 3] = ' ';
}
inline void printCube(int x, int y) { //左上角坐标
    printLine(x, y);
    printLine(x + 2, y - 2);
    printLine(x + 5, y - 2);
    printRow(x, y);
    printRow(x, y + 4);
    printRow(x + 3, y + 4);
    printHeight(x + 2, y - 2);
    printHeight(x + 2, y + 2);
    printHeight(x, y + 4);
    printSpace(x, y);
}
inline void printCube2(int l, int r, int h) {
    printCube(am - 3 * h - 2 * (m - l + 1), 1 + 2 * (m - l + 1) + (r - 1) * 4);
}
inline void printArray() {
    cout << "Printing each element of the array:" << endl;
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= m; j++) {
            cout << arr[i][j] << " ";
        }
        cout << endl;
    }
}
inline void printAns() {
    for (int i = 1; i <= am; i++) {
        cout << output[i] + 1 << endl;
    }
    cout << endl;
}
int main() {
    srand((unsigned)time(NULL));
    cout << "Please input the side length "n" of the cube array (n<=50):";
    int len;
    cin >> len;
    m = n = len;
    an = calN(m, n);
    cout << "Please input the max height "mh" of cubes in each array item (1<=mh<=100):";
    int mh;
    cin >> mh;
    cout << "Do you want to show the whole process of filling?(Answer with 0[No] or 1[Yes]):";
    bool flag;
    cin >> flag;
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
        int mmax = 0;
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
            arr[i][j] = rand() % mh + 1;
            mmax = max(mmax, arr[i][j]);
        }
        am = max(am, calM(i, mmax, m));
    }
    for (int i = 1; i <= am; i++) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= an; j++) {
            output[i][j] = '.';
        }
    }
    cout << "Automatically generated an array,printed in the following.Press ENTER to continue." << endl;
    printArray();
    cin.get(); cin.get();
    for (int i = 1; i <= m; i++) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
            for (int k = 1; k <= arr[i][j]; k++) {
                if (flag)cout << "Printing cube on postion(" << i << "," << j << "," << k << ")." << endl;
                printCube2(i, j, k);
                if (flag)printAns();
            }
        }
    }
    cout << "Printing Final Result:" << endl;
    printAns();
}

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